About Women’s History Month
Women’s History Month had its origins as a national celebration in 1981 when Congress passed Pub. L. 97-28 which authorized and requested the President to proclaim the week beginning March 7, 1982 as “Women’s History Week.” Throughout the next five years, Congress continued to pass joint resolutions designating a week in March as “Women’s History Week.” In 1987 after being petitioned by the National Women’s History Project, Congress passed Pub. L. 100-9 which designated the month of March 1987 as “Women’s History Month.” Between 1988 and 1994, Congress passed additional resolutions requesting and authorizing the President to proclaim March of each year as Women’s History Month. Since 1995, Presidents Clinton, Bush, and Obama have issued a series of annual proclamations designating the month of March as “Women’s History Month.”
Mary McLeod Bethune
Known for: improving educational opportunities for African Americans; president, National Association of Colored Women; founder, National Council of Negro Women. Her statue in Washington, DC, was the first statue depicting any woman or African American in any park in the nation’s capital. Her home is a National Historic Landmark.
Maya Angelou is an American author and poet. She has published six autobiographies, five books of essays, several books of poetry, and is credited with a list of plays, movies, and television shows spanning more than fifty years.
Hallie Quinn Brown
Brown was born March 10, 1850 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, one of six children.Her parents Frances Jane Scroggins and Thomas Arthur Brown were freed slaves.She attended Wilberforce University in Ohio, gaining a Bachelor of Science degree.Brown graduated from Wilberforce in 1873 and then taught in schools in Mississippi and South Carolina. She was dean of Allen University in Columbia, South Carolina from 1885 to 1887 and principal of Tuskegee Institute in Alabama from 1892 to 1893 under Booker T. Washington. She became a professor at Wilberforce in 1893, and was a frequent lecturer on African American issues and the temperance movement, speaking at the international Woman’s Christian Temperance Union conference in London in 1895 and representing the United States at the International Congress of Women in London in 1899.
Brown was a founder of the Colored Woman’s League of Washington, D.C., which in 1894 merged into the National Association of Colored Women.She was president of the Ohio State Federation of Colored Women’s Clubs from 1905 to 1912, and of the National Association of Colored Women from 1920 to 1924. She spoke at the Republican National Convention in 1924 and later directed campaign work among African American women for President Calvin Coolidge.
Marjorie Lee Browne
Educator and mathematician, known for being one of first two black women to receive a doctorate in mathematics in the United States, 1949; in 1960, Marjorie Lee Browne wrote a grant to IBM to bring a computer to a college campus — one of the first such college computers, and likely the first at any historically black college
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